Dry AMD is the most common form of this disease. The cells of the macula decay and disintegrate. At present there is no cure or reliable treatment for this form of the condition.
Clinicians working in University Hospital, Southampton are leading a UK trial of a new drug that has the potential to slow the progression of 'Dry' AMD. Patients who have suffered visual loss as a result of geographic atrophy (GA) an advanced form of 'Dry' AMD are receiving injections of lampalizumab. It is believe the treatment, now in its final clinical trial phase, could reduce the progression of the area of damage in most sufferers by around 20% but by 44% in some with a particular genetic feature.
Studies suggest that people who eat a diet rich in carotenoids (powerful antioxidants) have a lower risk of developing AMD. Vegetables that include these important antioxidants are raw carrot, kale, brussels sprouts, raw spinach, corn, broccoli, green peas, green beans, tomatoes and lettuce.
A study carried out by the National Eye Institute (NEI) in the USA showed that patients who had moderate AMD and took high dose vitamins reduced the risk of their macular degeneration getting worse by up to 25%. The current recommended vitamins are VitEyes 2 (Softgels).
These are available from pharmacies or alternatively on line through Butterflies Healthcare.
- In some cases in Hampshire patients can obtain these vitamins on prescription if this is recommended by a consultant ophthalmologist.
Smoking is a major risk factor for both wet and dry macular degeneration. If at all possible patients should stop or reduce smoking.