Dry AMD is the most common form of this disease. The cells of the macula decay and disintegrate. At present there is no cure or reliable treatment for this form of the condition.
Studies suggest that people who eat a diet rich in carotenoids (powerful antioxidants) have a lower risk of developing AMD. Vegetables that include these important antioxidants are raw carrot, kale, brussels sprouts, raw spinach, corn, broccoli, green peas, green beans, tomatoes and lettuce.
A study carried out by the National Eye Institute (NEI) in the USA showed that patients who had moderate AMD and took high dose vitamins reduced the risk of their macular degeneration getting worse by up to 25%. The current recommended vitamins are VitEyes 2 (Softgels).
These are available from pharmacies or alternatively on line through Butterflies Healthcare.
There is no evidence to date that taking vitamins when there are no clinical signs of disease will prevent age-related macular degeneration.
Smoking is a major risk factor for both wet and dry macular degeneration. If at all possible patients should stop or reduce smoking.